Philip Kindred Dick (December 16, 1928 – March 2, 1982) was an American author known for his work in science fiction. Dick's writing produced 44 published novels and approximately 121 short stories, most of which appeared in science fiction magazines during his lifetime. A variety of popular films based on Dick's works have been produced, including Blade Runner (1982), Total Recall (adapted twice: in 1990 and in 2012), Minority Report (2002), A Scanner Darkly (2006), The Adjustment Bureau (2011), and Blade Runner 2049 (2017).
Dick’s science fiction written works explored philosophical, social, and political themes, with stories dominated by monopolistic corporations, parallel or alternative universes, authoritarian governments, and altered states of consciousness. His writing also reflected his interest in metaphysics and theology, and often drew upon his life experiences in addressing the nature of reality, personal identity, drug abuse, schizophrenia, and transcendental experiences.